Desenlaces materno-fetales de los embarazos gemelares atendidos en el hospital universitario de Santander, Bucaramanga (Colombia), 2007-2011. Estudio de cohorte

Carlos Hernán Becerra-Mojica, Luis Alfonso Díaz-Martínez, Gustavo Adolfo Contreras-García, Mónica Andrea Beltrán-Avendaño, Hernando Augusto Salazar-Martínez, Luz Ángela Gutiérrez-Sánchez, Juan Carlos Otero-Pinto, Laura Constanza Montezuma-Niño

Resultado de la investigación: Artículos / NotasArtículo Científicorevisión exhaustiva

1 Cita (Scopus)

Resumen

Introduction: Twin pregnancies, especially monochorionic placentations, are associated with a higher rate of maternal and foetal complications when compared to singleton pregnancies. The objective of this work was to describe the clinical characteristics and the maternal and foetal outcomes according to the type of placentation (monochorial or dichorial) of twin pregnancies delivered at Hospital Universitario de Santander (HUS), a level III institution located in Bucaramanga, Colombia. Materials and methods: Descriptive cohort study. The cohort consisted of patients delivered of a twin pregnancy between 2007 and 2011 at the HUS, a general referral hospital for the central-eastern region of the country. The assessment included gestational age at the time of initial presentation to the hospital, clinical findings during the initial assessment, delivery completion, and perinatal results. Descriptive analysis by chorionicity type. Results: A total of 248 women with a twin pregnancy during the study period were included. The mean gestational age on the first visit to the hospital was 34 weeks. On admission, 127 patients (51.2%) were diagnosed with a monochorionic pregnancy, but only in two thirds of the cases was the prenatal chorionicity diagnosis consistent with the post-partum finding. IUGR was diagnosed more frequently in monochorionic than in dichorionic pregnancies (22.3% v. 7.5%) and abnormal Doppler findings were more frequent in monochorionic foetuses (7.8% v. 1.1%). Neonates > 24 of gestational age in monochorionic pregnancies weigh in average 109 gr (IC 95%: 34-184) less than dichorionic twins. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest a public health problem in this group of patients who come late for their prenatal visits and are late referrals to specialized centres, when there is already a limited ability to determine chorionicity. There is a need to develop care strategies in which twin pregnancies are included as a high-risk condition, and to ensure timely and adequate care provision in accordance with differential care guidelines for this group of pregnant women.

Título traducido de la contribuciónMaternal and foetal outcomes in twin pregnancies seen at hospital universitario de Santander, Bucaramanga (Colombia), 2007-2011. A cohort study
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)37-45
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónRevista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecologia
Volumen66
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2015
Publicado de forma externa

Palabras clave

  • Highrisk pregnancy
  • Placentation
  • Premature labour
  • Twin pregnancy
  • Twin-twin transfusion

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