Thi1, a thiamine biosynthetic gene in Arabidopsis thaliana, complements bacterial defects in DNA repair

C. R. Machado, R. L. Costa De Oliveira, S. Boiteux, U. M. Praekelt, P. A. Meacock, C. F.M. Menck

Research output: Articles / NotesScientific Articlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations


An Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA was isolated by complementation of the Escherichia coli mutant strain BW535 (xth, nfo, nth), which is defective in DNA base excision repair pathways. This cDNA partially complements the methyl methane sulfonate (MMS) sensitive phenotype of BW535. It also partially corrects the UV-sensitive phenotype of E. coli AB1886 (uvrA) and restores its ability to reactivate UV-irradiated λ phage. It has an insert of ca. 1.3 kb with an open reading frame of 1047 bp (predicting a protein with a molecular mass of 36 kDa). This cDNA presents a high homology to a stress related gene from two species of Fusarium (sti35) and to genes whose products participate in the thiamine biosynthesis pathway, TH14, from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and nmt2 from Schizosaccharomyces pombe. The Arabidopsis predicted polypeptide has homology to several protein motifs: amino-terminal chloroplast transit peptide, dinucleotide binding site, DNA binding and bacterial DNA polymerases. The auxotrophy for thiamine in the yeast thi4::URA3 disruption strain is complemented by the Arabidopsis gene. Thus, the cloned gene, named thi1, is likely to function in the biosynthesis of thiamine in plants. The data presented in this work indicate that thi1 may also be involved in DNA damage tolerance in plant cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)585-593
Number of pages9
JournalPlant Molecular Biology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Arabidopsis
  • DNA damage
  • DNA repair
  • thiamine biosynthesis
  • tolerance


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