Strategies to Mitigate the Impact of COVID 19 Pandemic on Organ Donation and Kidney Transplantation in Latin America

David Andrés Castañeda Millán, William Fajardo-Cediel, Verónica Tobar-Roa, Herney Andrés García-Perdomo, Ana María Autrán-Gómez

Research output: Articles / NotesArticle in a non-specialized journalpeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of Review: COVID-19 pandemics have severely affected Latin America. It has resulted in SARS-CoV-2-associated clinical adverse outcomes, but also in social and economic deterioration. Consequently, it generated a significant negative impact on organ donation and kidney transplantation (KTx) activity in our region, leading to a negative impact on these patients’ survival and quality of life. For this reason, this article aimed to describe applicable logistics, organizational and clinical strategies to mitigate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on kidney donation and transplantation in our region. Recent Findings: Absenteeism to hemodialysis sessions in patients with end-stage renal disease has been described in up to 54% in Latin America. Not surprisingly, there was a reduction in organ donation and transplants between 21 and 59%. Also, there is a higher incidence of COVID-19 positive tests in the waiting list population than KTx recipients (9.9%). However, there was a higher mortality rate in KTx recipients than the waiting list population (32%). Additionally, 59% of living donor kidney transplant programs suspended the evaluation of new donors due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Summary: Throughout this manuscript, we summarize some practical tips to resume organ donation and KTx during pandemics in Latin America, such as selecting healthy donors and recipients, universal SARS-CoV-2 screening, implementing COVID-19 accessible pathways, and telehealth as a standard, and postpone all non-urgent visits.

Original languageEnglish
Article number59
JournalCurrent Urology Reports
Volume22
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Organ transplantation
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Tissue and organ procurement

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