Sensibilidad antibió tica de bacterias obtenidas de queratitis e infecciones intraoculares en la Fundación Oftalmológica de Santander (FOSCAL), Floridablanca, Colombia

Translated title of the contribution: Antibiotic susceptibility patterns of bacteria isolated from keratitis and intraocular infections at fundación oftalmológica de santander (foscal), Floridablanca, Colombia

Virgilio Galvis, Alejandro Tello, Alfredo Guerra, María Fernanda Acuña, Donaldo Villarreal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Bacterial resistance is critical for the selection of antibiotics in the treatment of infections, so it is vital to know its current status in our geographical area. Objective: To determine in vitro antibiotic susceptibility of bacterial isolates obtained from keratitis and intraocular infections. Materials and methods: A retrospective study of microbiological tests in Fundación Oftalmológica de Santander (FOSCAL) was carried out between June, 2011, and January, 2012. Results: A total of 92 samples were examined and 110 bacteria, 27 fungi and 12 free-living amoebae were identified. Polymicrobial infections constituted 50% of the total; 1.1%, 0%, 1.1%, 16.9%, 29.3% and 85% of Gram-positive bacteria were resistant to imipenem, moxifloxacin, gatifloxacin, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin and tobramycin, respectively, while 0%, 8.3%, 0%, 0%, 18.2% and 27.3% of Gram-negative bacteria were resistant to imipenem, moxifloxacin, gatifloxacin, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin and tobramycin, respectively. For methicillin-resistant coagulase-positive staphylococci, resistance percentages to imipenem, moxifloxacin, gatifloxacin, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin and tobramycin were 0%, 0%, 0%, 7%, 17% and 100%, respectively. For methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci, resistance percentages to imipenem, moxifloxacin, gatifloxacin, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin and tobramycin were 3%, 0%, 0%, 24%, 44% and 100%, respectively. Overall bacterial resistance to imipenem, moxifloxacin, gatifloxacin, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin and tobramycin, for both Gram-positive and Gram-negative, was 1%, 1%, 1%, 15.1%, 28% and 64.5%, respectively. Conclusions: The levels of bacterial resistance to imipenem, moxifloxacin and gatifloxacin were lower than for levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin and tobramycin. The levels of resistance to tobramycin were very high, which calls into question its usefulness in this region of our country.

Translated title of the contributionAntibiotic susceptibility patterns of bacteria isolated from keratitis and intraocular infections at fundación oftalmológica de santander (foscal), Floridablanca, Colombia
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)23-33
Number of pages11
JournalBiomedica
Volume34
Issue numberSUPPL.1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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