Objective: An adequate knowledge of the anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) is oriented to the morphological sciences, clinical management and surgical planning of the posterior fossa. We aimed to determine the morphology of AICA in a sample from Colombian population. Method: We studied 92 AICA from fresh cadavers. For each specimen, the vertebral arteries were injected with 100 cc of semi-synthetic resin (a mixture of Palatal E210® BASF 80 cc and Styrene 20 cc) dyed with mineral red. The biometrics and morphological variables of AICA were registered. Results: AICA originated at 9.9 ± 3.2 mm from the vertebrobasilar junction. In 12 samples (8.1%), we observed a common trunk between AICA and posterior inferior cerebellar artery, which presented a caliber of 1.56 ± 0.23 mm and a length of 11.3 Â ± 3. 53 mm. In 80 (51.3%) specimens, AICA was originated from the proximal segment of basilar artery, while in 76 (48.7%) of them emerged from the medium segment. The AICA bifurcation distance from its origin was less than 20 mm in 20.5% of cases; between 20 and 40 mm in 62.3%. In its trajectory, AICA passed ventral to the facial nerve in 85 samples (53.2%), dorsal to the facial nerve in 68 samples (43.6%) and between the roots in 5 samples (3.2%). Conclusions: The origin of the AICA from the proximal segment of the basilar artery is confirmed in this study, which disagrees with reports that point out its origin in the middle segment.
- anatomic variations
- cerebellar irrigation
- neurovascular compression syndromes
- rsurgical treatment