Los factores bioambientales asociados a la miopía: An updated review

Translated title of the contribution: Bio-environmental factors associated with myopia: An updated review

V. Galvis, A. Tello, P. A. Camacho, M. M. Parra, J. Merayo-Lloves

Research output: Articles / NotesShort surveypeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Experimental studies in animals, as well as observational and intervention studies in humans, seem to support the premise that the development of juvenile myopia is promoted by a combination of the effect of genetic and environmental factors, with a complex interaction between them. The very rapid increase in myopia rates in some parts of the world, such as Southeast Asia, supports a significant environmental effect. Several lines of evidence suggest that humans might respond to various external factors, such as increased activity in near vision, increased educational pressure, decreased exposure to sunlight outdoors, dietary changes (including increased intake of carbohydrates), as well as low light levels indoors. All these factors could be associated with a higher prevalence of myopia.

Translated title of the contributionBio-environmental factors associated with myopia: An updated review
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)307-325
Number of pages19
JournalArchivos de la Sociedad Espanola de Oftalmologia
Issue number7
StatePublished - 3 Feb 2017


  • Exposure to sunlight and myopia
  • Genetics of myopia
  • Myopia
  • Myopia environmental factors
  • Myopia prevention
  • Near-vision work and myopia


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