Influence of collagen-based integrin α1 and α2 mediated signaling on human mesenchymal stem cell osteogenesis in three dimensional contexts

Silvia M. Becerra-Bayona, Viviana R. Guiza-Arguello, Brooke Russell, Magnus Höök, Mariah S. Hahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Collagen I interactions with integrins α1 and α2 are known to support human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) osteogenesis. Nonetheless, elucidating the relative impact of specific integrin interactions has proven challenging, in part due to the complexity of native collagen. In the present work, we employed two collagen-mimetic proteins—Scl2-2 and Scl2-3— to compare the osteogenic effects of integrin α1 versus α2 signaling. Scl2-2 and Scl2-3 were both derived from Scl2-1, a triple helical protein lacking known cell adhesion, cytokine binding, and matrix metalloproteinase sites. However, Scl2-2 and Scl2-3 were each engineered to display distinct collagen-based cell adhesion motifs: GFPGER (binding integrins α1 and α2) or GFPGEN (binding only integrin α1), respectively. hMSCs were cultured within poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogels containing either Scl2-2 or Scl2-3 for 2 weeks. PEG-Scl2-2 gels were associated with increased hMSC osterix expression, osteopontin production, and calcium deposition relative to PEG-Scl2-3 gels. These data indicate that integrin α2 signaling may have an increased osteogenic effect relative to integrin α1. Since p38 is activated by integrin α2 but not by integrin α1, hMSCs were further cultured in PEG-Scl2-2 hydrogels in the presence of a p38 inhibitor. Results suggest that p38 activity may play a key role in collagen-supported hMSC osteogenesis. This knowledge can be used toward the rational design of scaffolds which intrinsically promote hMSC osteogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2594-2604
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
Volume106
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • collagen-mimetic proteins
  • human mesenchymal stem cells
  • integrin α
  • integrin α
  • osteogenesis

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