Higher household income and the availability of electronic devices and transport at home are associated with higher waist circumference in Colombian children: The ACFIES study

Diego Gómez-Arbeláez, Paul A. Camacho, Daniel D. Cohen, Katherine Rincón-Romero, Laura Alvarado-Jurado, Sandra Pinzón, John Duperly, Patricio López-Jaramillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The current "epidemic" of childhood obesity is described as being driven by modern lifestyles with associated socioeconomic and environmental changes that modify dietary habits, discourage physical activity and encourage sedentary behaviors. Objective: To evaluate the association between household income and the availability of electronic devices and transport at home, and the values of waist circumference (WC), as an indicator of abdominal obesity, in children and adolescents from Bucaramanga, Colombia. Methods: Cross-sectional study of public elementary and high school population, of low-middle socioeconomic status. Results: A total of 668 schoolchildren were recruited. After adjusting for potential confounders, significant positive associations between waist circumference and higher household income (p = 0.011), and waist circumference and the availability of electronic devices and transport at home (p = 0.026) were found. Conclusions: In low-middle socioeconomic status schoolchildren in a developing country, those from relatively more affluent families had greater waist circumference, an association that is opposite to that observed in developed countries. This finding could be related to higher income family's ability to purchase electronic devices and motorized transport which discourage physical activity and for their children to buy desirable and more costly western fast food.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1834-1843
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Abdominal obesity
  • Childhood obesity
  • Colombia
  • Electronic devices
  • Household income
  • Socioeconomic status
  • Waist circumference

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