Epidemiological characteristics of hypertensive disorders during pregnancy inahigh-risk population

Ximena Carolina Romero, Uriel Montserrat, Alexandra Porras-Ramírez, Matilde Eslava, Amparo Ramírez, Sara Rincón Franco, Carlos Augusto Forero

Research output: Articles / NotesScientific Articlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: the aim is to determine the prevalence of hypertensive disorders and to describe the sociodemographic aspects and risk factors for preeclampsia, gestational hypertension and intrauterine growth restriction. Methods: a descriptive cross-sectional study. Maternal characteristics, history from the first prenatal visit and outcomes were obtained. The prevalence and percentages were calculated and described. Results: the prevalence of hypertensive disorders was 12.7%, preeclampsia was 8.0%, followed by gestational hypertension at 4.7%. Of the preeclampsia, 54.8% were severe and 11.9% were of early onset. Moreover, 56.5% of the severe preeclampsia had preterm deliveries. IUGR had a prevalence of 5.3%. Based on maternal history, the most relevant risk factors were a family and personal history of preeclampsia and IUGR. Conclusions: we found a considerable prevalence of preeclampsia with a high percentage of preterm deliveries, associated with varying severity. This data helps health professionals to be aware of the risk factors that can be followed up for preventing complications. The determination of the risk of developing a hypertensive disorder during pregnancy is fundamental to encouraging proper counseling and care for these women through gestation.

Translated title of the contributionCaracterísticas epidemiológicas de los trastornos hipertensivos durante el embarazo en una población de alto riesgo
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-505
Number of pages9
JournalRevista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Intrauterine growth restriction
  • Preeclampsia
  • Pregnancy induced hypertension
  • Pregnancy outcomes
  • Prevalence
  • Risk factors

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