TY - JOUR

T1 - Entropy production and field synergy principle in turbulent vortical flows

AU - Habchi, Charbel

AU - Lemenand, Thierry

AU - Della Valle, Dominique

AU - Pacheco, Leonardo

AU - Le Corre, Olivier

AU - Peerhossaini, Hassan

N1 - Funding Information:
C. Habchi would like to acknowledge fruitful discussions with Dr. M. Gonzalez, Dr. A. Ould El Moctar and Dr. M. Khaled. This work was financially supported in part by ADEME (Agence de l’Environnement et de la Maîtrise de l’Énergie). Dr. C. Garnier is gratefully acknowledged for monitoring this grant.

PY - 2011/12

Y1 - 2011/12

N2 - The heat transfer in turbulent vortical flows is investigated by three different physical approaches. Vortical structures are generated by inclined baffles in a turbulent pipe flow, of three different configurations. In the first, the vortex generators are aligned and inclined in the flow direction (called the reference geometry); in the second, a periodic 45° rotation is applied to the tab arrays (alternating geometry); the third is the reference geometry used in the direction opposite to the flow (reversed geometry). The effect of the flow structure on the temperature distribution in these different configurations is analyzed. The conventional approach based on heat-transfer analysis using the Nusselt number and the enhancement factor is used to determine the efficiency of these geometries relative to other heat exchangers in the literature. The effect of vorticity on the Nusselt number is clearly demonstrated, and so as to highlight the respective roles of the coherent structures and the turbulence, a new parameter is defined as the ratio of the vortex circulation to the turbulent viscosity. The relative contribution of the radial convection to heat transfer appears to increase with Reynolds number. The effect of mixing performance on the temperature distribution is investigated by the field synergy method. A global parameter, namely the intersection angle between the velocity and temperature gradient, is defined in order to compare performances. Finally, an analysis of energetic efficiency by entropy production, involving both heat transfer and pressure losses, is carried out to determine the overall performance of the heat exchangers. All these approaches lead to the same conclusion: that the reversed geometry presents the best heat transfer coefficient and the best energetic efficiency. The reference geometry shows the worst performance, and the alternating array has intermediate performance.

AB - The heat transfer in turbulent vortical flows is investigated by three different physical approaches. Vortical structures are generated by inclined baffles in a turbulent pipe flow, of three different configurations. In the first, the vortex generators are aligned and inclined in the flow direction (called the reference geometry); in the second, a periodic 45° rotation is applied to the tab arrays (alternating geometry); the third is the reference geometry used in the direction opposite to the flow (reversed geometry). The effect of the flow structure on the temperature distribution in these different configurations is analyzed. The conventional approach based on heat-transfer analysis using the Nusselt number and the enhancement factor is used to determine the efficiency of these geometries relative to other heat exchangers in the literature. The effect of vorticity on the Nusselt number is clearly demonstrated, and so as to highlight the respective roles of the coherent structures and the turbulence, a new parameter is defined as the ratio of the vortex circulation to the turbulent viscosity. The relative contribution of the radial convection to heat transfer appears to increase with Reynolds number. The effect of mixing performance on the temperature distribution is investigated by the field synergy method. A global parameter, namely the intersection angle between the velocity and temperature gradient, is defined in order to compare performances. Finally, an analysis of energetic efficiency by entropy production, involving both heat transfer and pressure losses, is carried out to determine the overall performance of the heat exchangers. All these approaches lead to the same conclusion: that the reversed geometry presents the best heat transfer coefficient and the best energetic efficiency. The reference geometry shows the worst performance, and the alternating array has intermediate performance.

KW - Convective heat transfer

KW - Entropy production

KW - Multifunctional heat exchanger/reactor

KW - Streamwise vorticity

KW - Turbulence

KW - Vortex circulation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80052749429&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2011.07.012

DO - 10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2011.07.012

M3 - Artículo

AN - SCOPUS:80052749429

VL - 50

SP - 2365

EP - 2376

JO - International Journal of Thermal Sciences

JF - International Journal of Thermal Sciences

SN - 1290-0729

IS - 12

ER -