El sobrepeso es el factor determinante en la presentación de síndrome coronario agudo en adultos jóvenes colombianos

Translated title of the contribution: Overweight is a determinant factor in the presentation of acute coronary syndrome in colombian young adults

Sandra Y. Silva, Melvin Y. Rincón, Ruby E. Dueñas, Ángel M. Chaves, Paul A. Camacho, Mario A. Arenas, Manuel A. Chinchilla, Patricio López-Jaramillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: obesity is a risk factor for developing a first myocardial infarct. Premature coronary disease generates a big socioeconomical impact due to productive years loss, which makes important its prevention and treatment. OBJECTIVE: evaluate the impact of obesity and other conventional risk factors in the presentation of a first acute coronary event in subjects <50 years. METHODS: transversal study that included patients with diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome admitted to the institution between February 2002 and February 2007. The population was divided in subjects younger and older than 50 years, these last ones selected at random in a 1:1 relation. Demographic information, cardiovascular history and risk factors were identified in the institution's electronic clinical history and were corroborated by telephone. The t student or Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used, according to the variables distribution. A multivariated study for determining the independent risk factors was performed. A p ≤ 0,05 value was considered significant. RESULTS: during the study period 942 subjects with acute coronary syndrome diagnosis were admitted. 16.1% (152) were subjects younger than 50 years and 90.79% (132) had a first event. Mean age in the young group was 44.3 ± 5,1 and in the older group (n = 132) was 65,6 ± 8,3 years. Overweight (OR 1.095; IC 1,01-1,18 p=0,019) and leucocyte count (OR 1,00; IC 1.001-1.005 p=0,001) were the two independent factors that predicted acute coronary syndrome in younger than 50 years adults, after realizing a multivariate non conditional analysis. Other conventional risk factors did not show significant difference. CONCLUSION: overweight and inflammation estimated by leucocyte count were the independent risk factors for the presentation of a first episode of acute coronary syndrome in Colombian adults younger than 50 years. These results confirm the importance of overweight and inflammation in the physiopathological mechanisms of cardiovascular disease in our population.

Translated title of the contributionOverweight is a determinant factor in the presentation of acute coronary syndrome in colombian young adults
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)255-262
Number of pages8
JournalRevista Colombiana de Cardiologia
Volume15
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Overweight is a determinant factor in the presentation of acute coronary syndrome in colombian young adults'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this