Effects of sexed semen and interactive effects on commercial in vitro embryo production when oocytes are collected from cows of Bos indicus, and Bos taurus breeding and crossbred cows of these subspecies

William Omar Contreras Lopez, Hernando Raphael Alvis-Miranda, Andres Felipe Gamarra, Bibiana Rendon, Diego Armando Vega Borda, Ulrich Albicker, Erich Talamoni Fonoff, Mario Martinez-Diaz

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5 Scopus citations

Abstract

A large scale commercial in vitro embryo production and in vitro fertilization record is reported when there was use of oocytes from Bos taurus (BT), Bos indicus (BI), and Bos Taurus/. indicus (BT/BI) crossbred subspecies fertilized with sexed (SS) and conventional (CS) semen. The aim of the study was to analyze the impacts of use SS in a commercial embryo production center in Colombia.Non-pregnant (. n=. 800), healthy, and estrous cycling BT, BI, and BI/BT crossbred cows were selected to be used as oocyte donors. Viable oocytes from 733 ovum pick up sessions in cows of the BT (4663) and BI (7305), BT/BI (3605) groups were matured and fertilized with frozen thawed semen from commercial sires. Of all cultured oocytes (. n=. 15,573), 52.3% of the embryos (. n=. 8607) underwent cleavage while 3062 (19.7%) developed to the blastocyst stage.For cows of the BT, SS and CS groups, there were similar cleavage rates; however, use of SS decreased blastocyst formation (15.6% versus 18.9%). In the BI group, use of SS increased cleavage rates (59.1% versus 53%, respectively) although there was no effect on blastocyst rate development (22.9% versus 21.9). In the BI/BT groups, use of SS decreased cleavage (44.4% versus 57.1%, respectively) and blastocyst rate development compared with the CS group (15.3% versus 20.1%, respectively).Data from this study indicate embryos from cows of the BT purebred or BI/BT crossbred had less in vitro developmental capacity compared to embryos derived from oocytes of cows that were purebred BI in tropical-subtropical regions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-63
Number of pages6
JournalAnimal Reproduction Science
Volume156
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bos indicus
  • Bos taurus
  • In vitro embryo development
  • Sex-sorted-sperm

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