We conducted a cohort study to investigate the association between exposure to three different levels of outdoor air pollution and incidence of respiratory symptoms in a population with chronic cardiovascular and respiratory disease. We accompanied 756 participants for a period of six months through the maintenance of a daily record of symptoms and clinic visits. The symptoms with highest incidence rates were sneezing and hacking cough. Multivariate analysis showed that incidence of total symptoms was 60% and 74% lower in areas with medium and low levels of pollution compared to areas with high levels of pollution. These results suggest that negative respiratory effects occur at concentrations of particulate matter PM10 > 60ug/m 3.
|Translated title of the contribution||The effects of air pollution on respiratory health in susceptible populations: A multilevel study in Bucaramanga, Colombia|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Cadernos de saúde pública / Ministério da Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública|
|State||Published - Apr 2012|
- Air Pollution
- Chronic Disease
- Respiratory Signs and Symptoms