Desigualdades educativas en américa latina, PISA 2012: Causas de las diferencias en desempeño escolar entre los colegios públicos y privados

Translated title of the contribution: Educational inequalities in latin america, PISA 2012: Causes of differences in school performance between public and private schools

Geovanny Castro Aristizabal, Gregorio Giménez, Domingo Pérez Ximénez-De-Embún

Research output: Articles / NotesScientific Articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The paper analyses and explains the causes of the differences in school performance between public and private schools in Latin America. It uses information from the 8 Latin American countries that participated in PISA 2012. The estimations, two steps with instrumental variables, combined with the technique of the Oaxaca-Blinder’s decomposition, reveal that Uruguay and Brazil had the highest education gap, and Colombia and Mexico the lowest. These differences are explained, mainly, by the observed component of the model. Specifically, the differences in individual characteristics explain the greater proportion of the gaps in performance; followed by family characteristics and resources of the schools. In addition, the decomposition in the no-observed component suggests that students from private schools make better use of the educational resources, both in their homes and in their schools.

Translated title of the contributionEducational inequalities in latin america, PISA 2012: Causes of differences in school performance between public and private schools
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)33-59
Number of pages27
JournalRevista de Educacion
Volume2017
Issue number376
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes

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