Contaminants of emerging concern reduction and microbial community characterization across a three-barrier advanced water treatment system

Tatiana C. Guarin, Lin Li, Laura Haak, Lydia Teel, Krishna R. Pagilla

Research output: Articles / NotesScientific Articlepeer-review

Abstract

This research investigated the removal of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) and characterized the microbial community across an advanced water treatment (AWT) train consisting of Coagulation/Flocculation/Clarification/Granular Media Filtration (CFCGMF), Ozone-Biological Activated Carbon Filtration (O3/BAC), Granular Activated Carbon filtration, Ultraviolet Disinfection, and Cartridge Filtration (GAC/UV/CF). The AWT train successfully met the goals of CECs and bulk organics removal. The microbial community at each treatment step of the AWT train was characterized using 16S rRNA sequencing on the Illumina MiSeq platform generated from DNA extracted from liquid and solid (treatment media) samples taken along the treatment train. Differences in the microbial community structure were observed. The dominant operational taxonomic units (OTU) decreased along the treatment train, but the treatment steps did impact the microbial community composition downstream of each unit process. These results provide insights into microbial ecology in advanced water treatment systems, which are influenced and shaped by each treatment step, the microbial community interactions, and their potential metabolic contribution to CECs degradation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number169637
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume912
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Advanced water treatment
  • Biological activated carbon filtration
  • Contaminants of emerging concern-CEC
  • Microbial community analysis
  • Potable reuse

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