Coherence Analysis between the Surface Diaphragm EMG Envelope Signal and the Respiratory Signal derived from the ECG in Patients assisted by Mechanical Ventilation

Alejandro Arboleda, Manuel Franco, Lusvin Amado, Francisco Naranjo, Beatriz F. Giraldo

Research output: Articles / NotesScientific Articlepeer-review

Abstract

Prolonged use of mechanical ventilation (MV) can lead to greater complications for a patient. In clinical practice, it is important to identify patients who could fail in the extubation process. However, accurately predicting the outcome of this process remains a challenge. The diaphragm muscle is one of the most active elements in the breathing process. On the other hand, there are several techniques to derive respiratory information from the ECG signal. Signals derived from diaphragmatic activity and from the ECG, such as the envelope of the surface diaphragm electromyographic signal (sEMGi) and the respiratory signal derived from the electrocardiogram (ECG) could contribute to analyze the respiratory response in patients assisted by MV. This work proposes the analysis of the coherence between sEMGi and EDR signals to determine possible differences in the respiratory pattern between successful and failed patients undergoing weaning. 40 patients with MV, candidates for weaning trial process and underwent a spontaneous breathing test were analyzed, classified into: a successful group (SG: 19 patients) that maintained spontaneous breathing after the test, and a failed group (FG: 21 patients) that required reconnection to the MV. The cross correlation, power spectral density and magnitude squared coherence (MSC) of the sEMGi and the EDR signals were estimated. According to the results, the MSC parameters such as area under the curve and mean coherence value presented statistically significance differences between the two groups of patients (p = 0.024). Our results suggest that both sEMGi and EDR signals could provide information about the behavior of the respiratory system in these patients. Clinical Relevance- This study analyzes the correlation and the coherence between the envelope of the surface electromyographic signal and the respiratory signal derived from the ECG to characterize the respiratory pattern of successful and failed patients on weaning process.

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